Informativo Anual de Atividades (2018)

CMA publica Informativo Anual de Atividades referente ao ano de 2018, para conferir o informativo completo acesse o link.


Resolução CIB Redes Fantasmas

Resolution 2018-3

Resolution on Ghost Gear entanglement among cetaceans

ACKNOWLEDGING that the abandoned, lost or otherwise discarded fishing gear (ALDFG) is recognised as a major
anthropogenic global problem that causes economic losses, environmental damage and harm to marine wildlife, including cetaceans;

Further acknowledging that bycatch in active fishing gear is the greatest immediate threat for cetaceans globally, and that
the IWC is committed to addressing this issue through its Bycatch Mitigation Initiative;

RECOGNISING that despite being extremely difficult to quantify, the amount of existing ALDFG is prevalent and likely to be

FURTHER RECOGNISING that the mortality rates associated with ghost fishing gear are very difficult to quantify, especially transient ALDFG that follow the winds and geostrophic currents, making them difficult to track and find, and prolonged studies very challenging;

AWARE that entanglement due to ALDFG is an increasingly significant threat to cetacean welfare, causing infection, starvation, drowning and even amputation of fins or tails and that it is an obstacle to the recovery of some endangered whale and dolphin populations;

RECALLING the Global Whale Entanglement Response Network developed by the IWC that promotes capacity building of
national leaders in disentanglement programmes of large whales for IWC Contracting Governments;

NOTING the wide collaboration of the IWC with other international governmental conventions and organizations; and the
active engagement of the Secretariat with the Food and Agricultural Organisation of the United Nations (FAO);

FURTHER NOTING that the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations' Committee on Fisheries endorsed
Voluntary Guidelines on the Marking of Fishing Gear at its thirty-third session and further work to address ALDFG, including the development of a comprehensive global strategy to tackle issues relating to ALDFG;

NOW, therefore, the Commission, RECOGNISES the transboundary nature of the ALDFG problem and the importance of regional and international cooperation by IWC Contracting Governments and other International Organizations, including the Food and Agriculture Organization, the International Maritime Organization of the United Nations and Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs) to prevent and mitigate ALDFG, in addition to national- and local-level initiatives;

ENCOURAGES the IWC Secretariat in conjunction with Contracting Governments, other International Organizations and
NGOs to continue to work constructively towards the development of best practices to avoid ALDFG, and consequently to
reduce the entanglement of whales and dolphins in ghost fishing gear and to develop techniques to locate it and to clean up what is already accumulated in the ocean.

DIRECTS the Conservation Committee and Scientific Committee to continue their work on ghost fishing gear and its impacts to cetaceans in its work, including assessing the risk of each gear's propensity to become ALDFG and to pose a threat to harm cetaceans and which species or regions are most affected.

URGES Contracting Governments to report any relevant information on ghost gear in their voluntary conservation report.

AGREES to increase collaboration and co-operation with governmental, regional and other international organizations and NGOs, including cross-sectoral coalitions, such as the Global Ghost Gear Initiative and the Global Partnership on Marine Litter, working on the development and implementation of best practices as well as the development of innovations to prevent and mitigate ALDFG.

INVITES Parties to join the IWC Global Whale Entanglement Response Network to professionally train and form teams for entanglement responders.

AGREES that any provisions of this Resolution should not duplicate work of other organisations in this regard.


Resolução CIB Florianópolis -SC

Resolution 2018-5


WHEREAS the International Whaling Commission has been widely recognised as the main international body directly charged with the conservation of cetaceans and the management of whaling;

RECOGNISING that the evolution of whale research methods, management alternatives and the sustainable use of whale resources, as well as that of international law since the adoption of the International Convention for the Regulation of Whaling (ICRW) in 1946 has led the role of the Commission to evolve through the adoption of more than a hundred conservation-oriented resolutions, as well as through various Schedule amendments to include, inter alia, the management of non-lethal appropriation of whale resources, as well as the maintenance of healthy cetacean populations to fulfill the vital ecological and carbon cycling roles these animals play in the global marine ecosystem functioning;

ACKNOWLEDGING that there are diverging views among Member States of the Commission regarding how the IWC´s
mandate should be adequately implemented, in a manner that would satisfy the broadest interest of all humankind in the
conservation of cetaceans and their habitats, while recognizing the importance of accommodating the needs of indigenous people who are dependent upon whales for subsistence and cultural purposes;

RECALLING Resolution 2007-3 on the non-lethal use of cetaceans and FURTHER ACKNOWLEDGING that cetaceans make significant contributions to ecosystem functioning and are beneficial for the natural environment and people, and that the sustainable, non-lethal and non-extractive use of whales is a rapidly growing activity deserving of recognition that provides significant socio-economic benefits for coastal communities around the world, particularly in developing countries;

REAFFIRMING that the moratorium on commercial whaling, which has been in effect since 1986, has contributed to the
recovery of some cetacean populations, and AWARE of the cumulative effects of multiple, existing and emerging threats to cetacean populations such as entanglement, bycatch, underwater noise, ship strikes, marine debris and climate change;

NOTING that Whale Sanctuaries have been repeatedly proposed by member States under Article V of the ICRW with the support of a majority of the Contracting governments in areas where non-lethal activities have provided relevant scientific results, jobs and income for coastal communities,

FURTHER NOTING Resolution [2018-1] on the Response to the Independence Review of the International Whaling

AGREES that the role of the International Whaling Commission in the 21st Century includes inter alia its responsibility to ensure the recovery of cetacean populations to their pre-industrial levels, and in this context REAFFIRMS the importance in maintaining the moratorium on commercial whaling;

ACKNOWLEDGES the existence of an abundance of contemporary non-lethal cetacean research methods and therefore

AGREES that the use of lethal research methods is unnecessary;

SEEKS TO ENSURE that aboriginal subsistence whaling for the benefit of indigenous communities should meet the
Commission's management and conservation objectives, taking into account the safety of hunters and the welfare of cetaceans;

INSTRUCTS the Commission's relevant subsidiary bodies to take into account the need to adequately fund conservation and non-lethal management issues when implementing the plan to be developed by the Working Group on Operational Effectiveness according to Resolution [2018-1];

TAKES NOTE of the Resolution on the Conservation and Management of Whales and their Habitats in the South Atlantic Region (UNEP/CMS/Resolution 12.17) adopted by the Convention on the Conservation of Migratory Species of Wild Animals at its 12th Conference of the Parties in 2017 and ENCOURAGES Range States of the South Atlantic to cooperate in its implementation as appropriate;

REQUESTS the Secretariat to seek further cooperation with other relevant international agreements and organizations, such as, inter alia, the Convention on Biological Diversity, the Convention on the Conservation of Migratory Species of Wild Animal, the Convention on the Conservation of Antarctic Marine Living Resources and the World Tourism Organization, to coordinate actions for the conservation of cetaceans, including the promotion of sustainable non-lethal use; and
FURTHER REQUESTS the Secretariat to forward this Declaration to the United Nations' Secretary-General, the United Nations General Assembly, the United Nations Environment Programme, the Convention on the Conservation of Migratory Species of Wild Animals, the Convention on Biological Diversity, the Convention for the Conservation of Antarctic Marine Living Resources, the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora, the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea and other relevant international agreements with which the Commission maintains regular communication and cooperation.


Portaria "Dia da Baleia Franca"

Acaba de sair a Portaria que institui o dia 31 de julho o "Dia da Baleia Franca" Confira - Link


Peixe-boi "Vitor"

"Primeiro peixe-boi em reabilitação no Amapá será solto no Parna do Cabo Orange" 

Leia mais - página 05 no ICMBio em foco!!!


Comissão Internacional das Baleias (IWC) no Brasil

O Brasil vai sediar a 67° reunião anual da Comissão Internacional baleeira (IWC), a qual o Brasil é signatário, a reunião ocorrerá de 4 à 14 de setembro de 2018 em Florianópolis –SC. Previamente a essa reunião, nos dias 21 de abril a 9 de maio ocorrerá em Bled - Eslovênia-a reunião do Comitê Científico, no qual o Brasil participará com uma delegação para discussão dos assuntos científicos.

Essa é a primeira vez que o Brasil sedia a reunião da IWC, que foi criada em 1946, mais informações acesse o Link.


SALVE - Consulta Ampla


(Santos, 16/03/2018) Estão disponíveis para consulta e contribuições, as fichas de avaliação do estado de conservação de 54 espécies de mamíferos aquáticos.

O Instituto Chico Mendes de Conservação da Biodiversidade (ICMBio) é responsável pelo Processo de Avaliação do Estado de Conservação da Fauna Brasileira, cujos resultados subsidiam o Ministério do Meio Ambiente (MMA) na publicação da Lista Nacional Oficial de Espécies Ameaçadas de Extinção.

O Centro Nacional de Pesquisa e Conservação de Mamíferos Aquáticos (ICMBio/CMA) tem o prazer de convidá-lo(a) a participar do 2° Ciclo (2016-2020) de Avaliação do Estado de Conservação das Espécies de Mamíferos Aquáticos.

As fichas de informações dessas espécies podem ser acessadas no módulo de consulta do Sistema de Avaliação do Estado de Conservação da Biodiversidade – SALVE - link.

No site, registre-se fazendo seu cadastro e login para enviar suas contribuições até o dia 30 de abril de 2018. Em"Busca Avançada", escolha as ordens que serão avaliadas nesta oficina para obter o acesso às fichas.

Os devidos créditos serão dados ao longo do processo de avaliação e na publicação das fichas a todos os colaboradores.

ATENÇÃO: Caso tenha alguma dificuldade para se cadastrar ou efetuar o login, por favor entre em contato conosco no e-mail: O endereço de e-mail address está sendo protegido de spambots. Você precisa ativar o JavaScript enabled para vê-lo..

Sua participação e colaboração são imprescindíveis para melhorarmos nossa "Avaliação do Estado de Conservação de Mamíferos Aquáticos", a partir da qual o ICMBio e toda a sociedade desenvolve pesquisas e ações de conservação, que visam proteger as espécies de mamíferos aquáticos e os ambientes dos quais elas dependem.

Agradecemos desde já a sua colaboração!



Planos de Ação

PAN - Grandes Cetáceos e Pinípedes  Plano de Ação publicado em 2011 e com validade das açõe de 5 anos.
PAN - Pequenos Cetáceos  Plano de Ação publicado em 2011 e com validade das açõe de 5 anos.
PAN - Sirênios Plano de Ação publicado em 2011 e com validade das açõe de 5 anos.
PAN - Toninhas Plano de Ação publicado em 2010 e com validade das açõe de 5 anos.

Artigos científicos

Balensiefer et al. 2017 "Tree Decates of Antillean Manatee (Trichechus manatus manatus) Stranding Along the Brazilian Coast"
Vermeulen et al. 2017 "A review on the distribution, abundance, residency, survival and population structure of coastal bottlenose dolphins in Argentina."
Attademo et al. 2016 "Seroprevalence of Taxoplasma gondii in captive antillean manatee (Trichechus manatus manatus) in Brazil."
Attademo et al. 2015 "Debris ingestion by the Antillean Manatee (Trichechus manatus manatus)."
Silva et al. 2015 "Molecular taxonomy and population structure of the rough-toothed dolphin Steno bredanensis (Cetartiodactyla: Delphinidae)."
Balensiefier et al. 2014 "Short Note: Antarctic Minke Whale (Balaenoptera bonaerensis, Burmeister, 1867) in the Tapajós River, Amazon Basin, Brazil."
Fruet et al. 2014 "Remarkably low genetic diversity and strong population structure in common bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops truncatus) from coastal waters of the Southwestern Atlantic Ocean."
Normande et al. 2014 "Eighteen Years of Antillean manatee Trichechus manatus manatus releases in Brazil: lessons learnt."
Lima et al. 2013 "Avaliação da primeira década (1994-2004) das reintroduções de peixes-bois marinhos (Trichechus manatus) no nordeste do Brasil."
Anzolin et al. 2012 "Contaminant concentrations, biochemical and hematological biomarkers in blood of West Indian manatees Trichechus manatus from Brazil."
Borges et al. 2012 "Growth pattern differences of captive born antillean manatee (Trichechus manatus) calves and those rescued in the brasilian northeastern coast."
Lima et al. 2012 "Distribuição espacial e temporal de peixes-bois (Trichechus manatus) reintroduzidos no litoral nordeste do Brasil."
Luna et al. 2012 "Phylogeographic implications for release of critically endangered manatee calves rescued in Northeast Brazil."
Kolesnikovas et al. 2012 "Euthanasia of an Adult Southern Right Whale (Eubalaena australis) in Brazil."
Lima et al. 2011 "Levantamento da distribuição, ocorrência e status de conservação do Peixe-Boi Marinho (Trichechus manatus, Linnaeus, 1758) no litoral nordeste do Brasil."
Lima et al. 2011 "Esforços conservacionistas e campanhas de conscientização para a preservação do Peixe-Boi Marinho (Trichechus manatus) ao longo do litoral nordeste do Brasil."
Silva et al. 2011 "Distribuição e ocorrência do Peixe-Boi Marinho (Trichechus manatus) no estuário do rio Mamanguape, Paraíba, Brasil."
Flores et al. 2010 "On the proposed English common name for the Neotropical delphinid Sotalia guianensis (P.-J. Van Benedem, 1864)."
Luna et al. 2010 "Distribuição do peixe-boi marinho no Norte do Brasil."
Sole-Cava et al. 2010 "Report the working group on taxonomy and genetics."
Flores 2009 "Occurence of franciscana (Pontoporia blainvillei) in Baía Norte, southern Brazil."
Pretto et al. 2009 "Fisrt record of a humpback whale, Megaptera novaeanglicae (Borowski, 1781), stranding in Pará State, Northern coast of Brazil."
Silva et al. 2009 "Blood Chemistry of Antillean Manatees (Trichechus manatus manatus): Age Variations."
Rossi-Santos e Flores 2009 "Feeding strategies of the Guiana dolphin (Sotalia guianensis)."
Rossi-Santos e Flores 2009 "Commensalism between Guiana dolphins (Sotalia guianensis) and sea birds in the North Bay of Santa Catarina, southern Brazil."
Silva e Silva-Jr 2009 "Circadian and seasonal rhythms in the behavior of spinner dolphins (Stenella longirostris)."
Farro et al. 2008 "A simple protocol for a low invasive DNA acessing in Stenella longirostris (Cetacea, Delphinidae)."
Farro et al. 2008 "Isolation and characterization of microsatellite markers for the spinner dolphin (Stenella longirostris)."
Gomes et al. 2008 "Behaviour Patterns in Captive Manatees (Trichechus manatus manatus) at Itamaracá Island, Brazil."
Borges et al. 2008 "Identificação de itens alimentares constituintes da dieta dos peixes-boi marinhos (Trichechus  manatus) na região Nordeste do Brasil."
Luna et al. 2008 "Status de conservação do peixe-boi marinho (Trichechus manatus manatus Linnaeus, 1758) no Brasil.
Luna et al. 2008 "Ocorrência do peixe boi marinho (Trichechus manatus manatus) no litoral norte do Brasil."
Bazzalo et al. 2008 "Uso de hábitat y principales comportamientos del delfín gris (Sotalia guianensis, Van Bénéden, 1864) en la Baía Norte, Estado de Santa Catarina, Brasil."
Flores et al. 2008 "Proposed English common name of Sotalia guianensis to the IWC List of Recognized Cetacean Species. SC/60/SM16."

Borges et al. 2007
"Embarcações motorizadas: uma ameaça aos peixes-bois marinho (Trichechus manatus) no Brasil."
Borges et al. 2007 "Ocurrência de Cryptosporidium spp. en manatí amazônico (Trichechus inunguis, Natterer, 1883)."
Borges et al. 2007 "Criptosporidiose: uma revisão sobre a sua implicação na conservação dos mamíferos aquáticos."
Borges et al. 2007 "Ocorrência de Cryptosporidium spp. em peixes-boi marinhos (Trichechus manatus) e funcionários envolvidos no manejo da espécie."
Borges et al. 2007 "Ocorrência de oocistos de Cryptosporidium spp. na água destinada a manutenção dos peixes-boi marinhos (Trichechus manatus) em cativeiro."
Silva-Jr et al. 2007 "Trophic relationships of the spinner dolphin at Fernando de Noronha Archipelago, SW Atlantic. Scientia Marina."
Pereira et al. 2007 "Reações comportamentais de superfície de Sotalia guianensis (Cetacea: Delphinidae) durante encontros com embarcações na Baía Norte de Santa Catarina."
Parente et al. 2006 "Ocorrência e comportamento de um boto-cinza, Sotalia guianensis, solitário no Nordeste do Brasil: Quando considerar um encalhe?"
Flores e Bozzalo 2006 "Reply to the comments on Flores and Bazzalo (2004).
Flores e Fontoura 2006 "Ecology of marine tucuxi, Sotalia guianensis, and bottlenose dolphin, Tursiops truncatus, in Baía Norte, Santa Catarina State, southern Brazil."
Sazima et al. 2006 "Fishes associated with spinner dolphins at Fernando de Noronha Archipelago, tropical Western Atlantic: an update and overview. Neotropical Ichthyology"
Cunha et al. 2005 "Riverine and marine ecotypes of Sotalia dolphins are different species."
Lima et al. 2005 "Training of Antillean manatee Trichechus manatus manatus Linnaeus, 1758 (mammalia: sirenia) as a management technique for the individual welfare and conservation of the species."
Groch et al. 2005 "Recent rapid increases in the Brazilian right whale population."
Silva-Jr et al. 2005 "Rest, nurture, sex, release, and play: diurnal underwater behaviour of the spinner dolphin at Fernando de Noronha Archipelago, SW Atlantic.. Aqua (Neu-Isenburg)."
Silva-Jr et al. 2005 "Two Presumed Interspecific Hybrids in the Genus Stenella (Delphinidae) in the Tropical West Atlantic."
Flores e Bazzalo 2004 "Home ranges and movements patterns of the marine tucuxi Sotalia fluviatilis in Baía Norte, southern Brazil."
Silva-Jr et al. 2004 "Vomiting behavior of the spinner dolphin (Stenella longirostris) and squid meals."
Parente et al. 2004 "Strandings of Antillean Manatees (Trichechus manatus manatus) in Northeastern Brazil."
Vergara-Parente et al. 2003 "Bacterial flora of upper respiratory tract of captive Antillean manatees."
Vergara-Parente et al. 2003 "Salmonellosis in an Antillean manatee (Trichechus manatus manatus) calf: a fatal case."
Araujo e Marcondes 2003 "Comportamento de dois peixes-bois marinhos (Trichechus manatus manatus) em sistema de cativeiro no ambiente natural da Barra de Mamanguape, estado da Paraiba, Brasil."
Paludo e Langguth "Use of space and temporal distribution of Trichechus manatus manatus Linnaeus in the region of Sagi, Rio Grande do Norte State, Brazil (Sirenia, Trichechidae)."