dest itatiaia

ITATIAIA NATIONAL PARK

Imagem: Rudi Böhm

The Itatiaia National Park is a conservation area that protects important remnants of the Atlantic Forest Biome. Located in the Itatiaia Massif in the Mantiqueira Mountains, between the states of Rio de Janeiro and Minas Gerais, it includes part of the cities Itatiaia and Resende in Rio de Janeiro, and Bocaina de Minas and Itamonte in Minas Gerais.

The Itatiaia Park is the oldest national park in Brazil, created on June 14, 1937 by the then President Getulio Vargas.

For visitation purposes, the Itatiaia National Park is divided into: The Itatiaia Plateau, The Lower Regions, and the Visconde de Maua Region.

In the Plateau:In this region, the predominant vegetation is characterized by altitude grasslands and the main natural attractions are: the Agulhas Negras peak, the Shelves Massif, Aiuruoca Valley, the Altar Stone, the Couto Stone, Hermes' Wing, the Bell Stone and the Seated Stone; besides being the starting point for the Ruy Braga, Sierra Negra and Fallen Ranch trekking paths.

In the Lower Regions:The predominant vegetation is dense ombrophilous forest (Atlantic Forest) and the natural attractions are the trails through the forest that lead to many waterfalls. Some of which, like the Itaporani and Maromba, stand apart for their large volume of water as well as beautiful natural pool formations. The enchanting Bridal Veil waterfall (on the Maromba river) is 40 m high, forming a cold and serene veil of mist at its base. The Three Peaks trail crosses through the forest and leads to a 1,622 m overlook of the Paraiba River Valley. Other beautiful attractions include the Foundation Stone and the Last Goodbye overlook. The starting point for the waterfall trails is the Visitor´s Center, where several resources can be found, including a scale model of the park, maps, and films about the park.

The Visconde de Maua Region:this is one of the main tourist poles of Rio Janeiro, with many hotels and restaurants. The main attractions of the Itatiaia National Park in the Visconde de Maua region are the Escorrega and Santa Clara waterfalls. This area will soon have an Information and Control Checkpoint as well as a Visitor´s Center 

Click on the image below to download the folder of the Park.

Capa folder

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When To Go

The Park can be visited every day of the year, but the best time to visit the plateau is in the winter, when there is less rain, the paths are safer to walk and the view of the valley is privileged by the clear skies. While the lower regions can be enjoyed all year round, the greater incidence of rain in summer not only swells the waterfalls adding to their natural beauty, it also adds to their natural danger, keeping in mind the risk of flash floods and sudden surges of water from storms upriver.

Visitation Schedules

The admission times are different for the Plateau and the lower regions of the park:

  • On the plateau- admission is from 07h00 to 14h30. Visitors are permitted to stay no later than 18h00.
  • In the lower regions- the schedule for admission starts at 08h00, and visitors can stay until 17h00.
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How To Arrive

The Itatiaia National Park is located between the states of Rio de Janeiro and Minas Gerais, near the state of São Paulo, in the Mantiqueira Mountains.

In the South Fluminense region, also known as the Agulhas Negras region, the National Park includes the cities of Itatiaia and Resende. In southern Minas Gerais the park includes the cities of Itamonte and Bocaina de Minas.

Geographically, it is located between parallels 22 º 19 'and 22 º 45' south latitude and median 44 º 15 'and 44 º 50' longitude.
You can also find the map for how to access the Park onGoogle.

Como Chegarclick to open

Administrative seat of the Park (lower regions)

Starting from Rio de Janeiro or Sao Paulo, the visitor should follow the Presidente Dutra Highway (BR 116) to the town of Itatiaia, at km 318. The trip takes about 2h 30min from Rio de Janeiro and 3 hours from Sao Paulo.

Plateau Region

Departing from Rio de Janeiro or Sao Paulo, the visitor should follow the Presidente Dutra Highway (BR 116) to Engenheiro Passos at Km 330. From this point follow the BR 354 highway in the direction of Caxambú for 26.5 km, to a place known as Garganta do Registro at an altitude of 1.669 meters. From there, 14 km of dirt road leads to the Marcão station, and another 3 km will take you to the Rebouças Shelter.

Below is a table with the distances to the two entrances to the park, gate 1 and the Marcão gate. The first part of the list refers to the distance from the three major metropolitan centers of the region, São Paulo, Rio de Janeiro and Belo Horizonte. The second part lists the cities near the park where visitors can find hotels and hostels, as well as reference points for access to the Itatiaia Park.

distance table pni

                                                    Source: Google Maps (http://maps.google.com/maps?ct=reset)

The bus terminals nearest the park are in Resende and Itatiaia at 24 km and 5km, respectively, from the entrance to the Lower Region of the park. In the center of Itatiaia city, there is a circular bus that goes to the park.

There is no regular bus line to access the Plateau region of the park. From the Resende Bus Station visitors can take a bus to Caxambu / MG and get off early at the Garganta do Registro (the border between the states of Rio and Minas). From this point to the Marcão gate is 14 km of dirt road (uphill).

 

Bus: Bus Routes and Schedules

BUS ROUTE ITATIAIA X NACIONAL PARK - Viação Penedo (24) 3381-8861

Departures from downtown to Visitors Center - 07:00a.m / 12:00p.m / 3:00p.m / 6:00p.m
Departures from downtown to National Park entrance - 10:20a.m
Departures from National Park entrance to downtown - 11:00a.m
Departures from National Park Visitors Center to downtown - 08:00a.m / 1:00p.m / 5:00p.m / 7:00p.m

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Fees

Ticket

The single ticket is R$ 34,00. Brazilian visitors have a 50% discount R$ 17,00.

Visitors who stay in the Itatiaia National Park for more than one day are entitled to a 50% discount on weekends and holidays and a 90% discount on weekdays (discounted from the value of the second day’s ticket).

For example:

  • Weekend - (Saturday and Sunday) = R$ 34.00 + R$ 17.00 = R$ 51.00 – single ticket.
  • Weekend + 1 day in week - (Saturday + Sunday + Monday) = R$ 34,00 + R$ 17.00 + R$ 3,00 = R$ 54.00. Single ticket
  • Weekend and holiday - (Saturday, Sunday, holiday) = R$ 34.00 + R$ 17.00 + R$ 17.00 = R$ 68.00. Single ticket
  • Weekdays (two consecutive days) - R$ 34.00 + R$ 3.00 = R$ 37.00. Single ticket

Note:

  • Children under 12 and adults over 60 have free entry.
  • The Itatiaia National Park does not accept checks or cards.
  • The parking fees will not be charged temporarily.
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Places to Go

Blue Lake

Foto: Carla MaroneziThe Blue Lake

The Blue Lake is the natural attraction nearest to the Visitors Center, about 500 meters from it. The trail is very accessible for the whole family, except its stair with approximately 120 steps, which requires care on the part of older people or those with limited mobility. There is a second option to this trail, longer and without steps, allowing a lighter and safer walk. The trails lead to a natural pool on the Campo Belo River, a site recommended for swimming. Near the pool there are kiosks that can be used for an extra charge, paid at the entrance of the park.

Foto: Carla Maronezi

Blue Lake Kiosk

The Blue Lake Kiosk is available from 08h00 to 17h00 for the visitor as a space for snacks and family meals.

Visitor's Center

Foto: Walter Behr(Foto: Arquivo Parna Itatiaia)

  • The park receives a significant number of visitors and the Visitor's Center is its informational epicenter.
  • The main hall Presents the Itatiaia National Park in the National, Regional and Local context through panels with maps
  • A scale model of the park shows its different regions in three dimensions.
  • The exhibition discovering the park presents panels with geological, historical, botanical and zoological information about the Park and its surroundings.
  • The travelling exhibitions room presents artistic, cultural and environmental projects.
  • The interactive room is an area for educational activities.
  • The mountaineering exhibition retraces the history of mountain climbing in the Park even before its founding.
  • The Tom Jobim auditorium is the meeting point for cultural and institutional events. A video library is available to visitors.
  • The wildlife sidewalk reproduces the footprints of various wild animals that live in the Atlantic Forest.

Moromba Site

 

Foto: Daniel Toffoli

 Wedding Veil Waterfall

The Area of Maromba is 4 km uphill from the Visitors Center. This area is comprised of a natural swimming pool, the Itaporani Waterfall and the Wedding Veil Waterfall. You can access these three sites by parking after the bridge.

Foto: Wigold Bertoldo

   

The Maromba Natural Swimming Pool

The Maromba Swimming Pool is located at an altitude of 1100 meters. It is where the river calms down to form a large natural pool, which can be accessed via a stair about 50 meters tall. Due to its large size, the pool is often used by experienced swimmers.

ICMBio

Itaporani Waterfall

The Waterfall Itaporani, is about 620 meters from the bridge. Located at the end of a trail that enters into the forest. Down the plastic wood stairs, visitors can see the beautiful waterfall and the pool it forms.

On the way to the Itaporani Waterfall, another trail about 260 meters long branches off, leading to the Wedding Veil waterfall. At the end of a rustic trail, after a plastic wood bridge and stone stairs, you arrive at a part of the Maromba River that suddenly drops from a height of 40 meters, forming a beautiful waterfall. In the summer, the rain swells the river, forming a serene and beautiful veil of mist from which the waterfall gets its name. 

Three Peaks

Foto: Carla Maronezi

  

Three Peaks

The Three Peaks is another site that can be accessed via a steep 6 km trail inside the Atlantic Rainforest. This challenge requires almost all day to trek. The overlook offers a good view of the Paraiba river valley, the park, and the foothills of the Serra da Mantiqueira and Serra do Mar. For secure access it is recommended that visitors be accompanied by a local guide. Check the list of registered guides.

Foundation Stone

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Foundation Stone

FOUNDATION STONE, reads: "Marker of the first
National Park of Brazil. The president of the republic Getúlio
Vargas, and the Minister of Agriculture Dr. Odilon Braga established
The Itatiaia National Park by Decree-Law 1713 on June 14, 1937".

Last Goodbye Overlook

foto-mirante-ultimo-adeus

View from the Last Goodbye Overlook

The Last Goodbye Overlook has a privileged panoramic view of the park, the Campo Belo River Valley and the Serra do Mar.

To visit the plateau, visitors must sign the Terms of Responsibility. Speed up your check in by printing it out here

Agulhas Negras Peak

agulhas-negras-peak

The Agulhas Negras massif is the main elevation on the plateau, its highest point is at 2791.55 m, being the highest point of the park and the fifth highest in the country (IBGE, 2011).

The visitor has the option to just walk to the base or to scale to the summit, but it is necessary that these choices be defined at the entrance (Marcão gate) where there is a visitor’s checkpoint.

The massif has several climbing routes with varying levels of difficulty, some of which are only accessible to climbers with experience and adequate equipment. Access to the base is easy, without too much rugged terrain.

The summit of the Agulhas Negras massif offers a beautiful panoramic view of the region.

Maciço das Prateleiras

Prateleiras010 Prateleiras08 Prateleiras01 Prateleiras02 Prateleiras09

 

Shelves Massif is formed by huge blocks of rock, its highest point being 2,540 m above sea level. It lies in a region of altitude grasslands and has one of the most beautiful panoramic views of the Paraiba River Valley. Next to the massif are several well-known and popular sites like the Apple Stone, Turtle Stone, and Seated Stone.

The trail to the shelves starts next to the Rebouças Shelter entrance.

From the beginning of the trail to the base of the shelves, the path is about 3 km long, and takes on average 1.5 hours.

Safety equipment is needed to ascend to the peak of the shelves, which should be checked at the gate of the park. It takes approximately 1 hour longer to make it from the base to the peak of the shelves. The diversity of attractions in this area offer not only beautiful views of the park and the Paraíba River Valley, but also the presence of peculiar formations allow for the practice of trekking, climbing and rappelling.

Morro do Couto

morro-do-couto

A moderate walk takes us to the second highest point of the park, the Couto Stone, a rock formation 2681 meters high, with a privileged view of the Paraíba River Valley, Serra Fina and other frequently visited sites: the peaks of the Agulhas Negras, the Shelves, the Altar stone, as well as Hermes’ Wing. Along the access path to the Couto stone, there is a stone wall with many climbing and rappelling routes largely used for training and practice.

Aiuruoca Waterfall

Foto: Adriana Mattoso

Voltado para Minas Gerais, oVale do Aiuruoca, conta com a geladíssimaCachoeira do Aiuruócae a formação rochosaOvos da Galinha. Para chegar o visitante terá que fazer uma caminhada moderada, a partir do Abrigo Rebouças. No caminho, podem-se ver as formaçõesAsa do HermesePedra do Altar.

Altar Stone

altar-stone

The Altar Stone, at an altitude of 2665 meters, this rock formation is accessed by following the trail to its highest point. On top of the Altar Stone, through which the Rio de Janeiro / Minas Gerais state line passes, it is possible to view the main attractions of the Itatiaia Plateau, including the Shelves, the Agulhas Negras, Hermes’ Wing, the Bell Stone, and Sierra Negra. 

Reboucas Shelter

reboucas-shelter

Rebouças Shelter

At the moment, the Rebouças Shelter has 16 vacancies for hosting (beds with mattresses), at a cost of R$ 32.00 per person / day, in addition to entry rates. The shelter has a kitchen with gas stove, tables for dining and bathrooms with cold showers.

There is no cell phone signal at this area.

With its construction already completed in the first half of the 1950s, under the management of Wanderbilt Duarte de Barros, the Rebouças Shelter became the highest public shelter in Brazil (altitude 2,350 meters). Its name honors the civil engineer, botanist and geologist André Pinto Rebouças (1838-1898), a pioneer in several subjects, standing out as a militant abolitionist, and in his time, one of the biggest motivators for the creation of national parks.

Near the shelter, the Campo Belo river dam is part of a small hydroelectric system which for some time provided energy to the building, but being unable to produce sufficient charge, it was eventually disabled. In 1997 subterranean cabling provided electricity to the shelter once again. For many years, before the construction of the present gatehouse (Posto Marcão), the shelter served as housing for employees of the Park, who remained there usually on 15 day shifts, sharing the premises with climbers, hikers, tourists and other visitors.

Now, part of the premises of the shelter is permanently reserved for use by the Park.

Camping Site

camping-siteCamping Site

CAMPING IS INDEFINITELY INTERDICTED BECAUSE OF THE EMERGENCY WORKS IN SEWER SYSTEM.

Beside the Rebouças Shelter, there is a camp site, with twenty (20) vacancies (3x3 meters) for tents up to 3 people. Only fifteen (15) vacancies may be reserved, the other five (5) will be available for visitors who arrive without reservation at the Marcão Gate entrance. These vacancies will be occupied in order of arrival. The user cost of camping is R$ 19.00 per person / day, plus the entrance fee.

Click here to see the rules for using the shelter..

For reservations.Click here.

Ruy Braga

ruy-braga

Ruy Braga Crossing(Rebouças - Head office low part)

  • Trekking permitted in both directions - Rebouças / Low Region and Low Region / Rebouças;
  • The maximum capacity is 20 (twenty) people / day;
  • Overnight stay is permitted in the Massenas shelter or Água Branca Shelter, but should be specified at the time of entry;
  • The crossing can be made within two (2) days, or one day, without an overnight stay;
  • The person responsible for the group must inform the group’s arrival and departure at the checkpoints below.
    • If the trail is started on the plateau, the group should be checked-in at the Marcão checkpoint;
    • If the trail is started in the Low Region of the park, the group should check-in at the Maromba post, and in the event of it being later than 17h00, check-in should be done at service station 2, located near the park administration.
  • In either case (going up or down), the trek should start no later than 10h00.

Água Branca Shelter

Foto: Walter Behr

Água Branca Shelter

This new park shelter sits at the top of the mountain along the Ruy Braga crossing, and is an invitation for visitors to contemplate the sunrise and sunset.

The Agua Branca shelter is one of the overnight options for the Ruy Braga crossing, this shelter can house 10 people, and can be used at a fee of R$10,00 per person / day, plus the admission fee. This shelter does not have electricity, but it does have water and cell phone signal. It is made up of rooms with four beds and mattresses, a bath with a cold shower, and a dining area. This shelter does not have a cooking stove or gas.

Click here to see the rules for use and occupation in the shelter água branca..

Crossing The Serra Negra (Waterfall Santa Clara)

crossing-serra-negra

Crossing The Rebouças - Mauá (via rancho Caído)

  • crossing-rancho-caidoCrossing permitted only in the Rebouças / Maua direction, arriving in the valley of the Crosses or Escorrega waterfall.
  • The itinerary begins at the gate of the Park (Marcão Post), passing by the Rebouças Shelter along the path that leads to the Aiuruoca Waterfall, from there to the Chicken Eggs rock formation, continuing into the Valley of the Dinosaurs (source of the Black river), then to the Fallen Ranch (coordinates: latitude 22 º 22 '11.66 "South - longitude 44 º 38' 04.41" W), finally going down a steep hill that leads into the woods, arriving in the valley of crosses or the Escorrega Waterfall
  • Maximum capacity of twenty (20) people / day;
  • The only site permitted for overnight stay is the area of the Fallen Ranch (coordinates: latitude 22 º 22 '11.66 "South - longitude 44 º 38' 04.41" W). Users should pay very careful attention, obeying the environmental laws, bringing back all their trash and dealing with human waste appropriately;
  • The crossing can be made within two days; or in a day without overnight stay;
  • At the end of the journey the person responsible for the group should deposit the control card in the urn at the Visconde de Maua Post, and contact the park by phone (24) 3352-1292 / 3352-2288 / 3352-6894 or by email:This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.">to inform them of the group’s departure;
  • The trek must start before 10h00.

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Things to Do

  • Walking
  • Mountain Climbing
  • Rock Climbing
  • Trekking
  • Animal Watching
  • Picnic in the permitted areas
  • Authorized overnight stay in shelters and camp sites
  • Swimming in the waterfalls
  • Biking in permitted areas
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Orientations

Before you program your trip to the national park, check if the route (trail or crossing) you wish to do is currently accessible.

Attention:In the rainy season observe the orientations of park management about the possibility of flash floods, which can make it impossible to access the waterfalls.

By accessing any of the entrances of the park, remember

  • The entry of pets is prohibited;
  • Use only authorized trails (Check at the gate if the trail you wish to do is currently accessible);
  • There are no restaurants in the park;
  • Consumption of alcoholic beverages is not allowed;
  • Do not smoke on the trails or in the forest because of the risk of fire;
  • There are no authorized camping areas in the lower regions of the park;
  • Starting fires in natural areas is strictly prohibited;
  • The removal of species of flora is not permitted;
  • Feeding animals (even fruits) is strictly prohibited;
  • The visitor is responsible for all trash produced, take everything with you.

Note:For those visiting the Plateau Region of the park for the first time, the park has, as an option, a guide program for visitors. The guide can enhance the experience of the visit, making it safer, and providing information about the park and its main attractions. Even with a guide, it is necessary that visitors read and sign the Terms of Responsibility presented to them at the gate of entry.

Walking Guide (W)- Day trips (without overnight stay) in the Lower Region as well as the Plateau Region, including to the base of the Shelves, Hermes’s Wing and the peaks of the Couto and Altar Stones.

Advanced Walking Guide (AW)– Overnight crossings.

Climbing Guide (C)- Ascension of the Agulhas Negras Peak via the Pontão Ricardo Gonçalves, Normal, and Bira climbing routes. Ascension of the Shelves via the North and South climbing routes.

Advanced Climbing Guide (AC)- Ascension to the peaks and all climbing routes in the park.

 
Guide's NameCategory*Contacts
  NumeroEmail
Daniele Muniz Batista W (24) 3351-1823 This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.">This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
Debora Andrade Leme W (24) 9932-8036 This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.">This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
Eduardo Cotrim W/AW/C (24) 3352-5085 This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.">This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
Fabio Gandra W/AW/C/AC (24) 9258-0802 This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.">This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
Felipe Dias Oliveira W (35) 9196-771 This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.">This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
Felipe Guimaraes W/AW/C (35) 9119-9153 This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.">This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
Gabriel Fichter Zaccari W/AW/C (24) 3352-1050 This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.">This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
Maria de Fátima Chaves W/AW/C (24) 8117-3279 / 3355-4982 This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.">This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
Moacir de C. Rodrigues W (24) 3351-1553 This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.">This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
Ralph Salgueiro Silva W/AW/C (24) 9952-5962 This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.">This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
Ricardo Vieira Grijó W/AW/C (24) 8182-3033 This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.">This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
Rodrigo Macedo W/AW/C (24) 9902-9025 This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.">This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
Sérgio Pizaneschi W/AW/C (24) 9202-1709 This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.">This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
Tiago Barbosa da Silva W/AW/C (24) 9915-8277 This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.">This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
Vinicius Maltauro W/AW/C/AC (35) 9165-0298 This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.">This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
Vitor J. C. e Ferreira W (24) 9276-5651 This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.">This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

*Categories abbreviation: W-Walking guide, AW-Overnight crossings, C-Climbing guide,  AC-Advanced climbing guide.

Note:These guides are assessed and registered by the Parque Nacional do Itatiaia (PNI), this gives you the security of hiring a professional who knows the site’s attractions as well as its safety standards and codes of conduct. They are however autonomous professionals, and not employees of the park, so the cost of contracting a guide must be agreed upon directly with them. 

  1. For those visiting the Plateau, even with a light backpack, the trails take hours. Establish a time limit to be back before 16h30. Come back before the time limit, even if you haven’t made it to the end of the trail. Always carry a flashlight with spare batteries in your pack.
  2. With heavy packs, the trails can take much longer to complete. Pay attention to slower or tired walkers and never leave them alone.
  3. Pack wisely; try to avoid unnecessary weight, and when possible, try to pack everything into the backpack in plastic bags, to avoid damage from unexpected rains during the walk.
  4. Some trails are wide and well defined, While others can be faint and require a lot of attention on the part of the group. Finding the path at night or in the fog can be difficult.
  5. Temperatures in the Plateau Region of the park frequently approach 0ºC. Always come equipped with a good jacket, hat, and rain cape, even when expecting sunny weather.
  6. Use the existing camp sites. Don’t cut new clearings, don’t make camp fires.
  7. There are many treacherous and demanding trails in the park. With a heavy pack, it can take a full day to cross some of the trails. There are steep uphill and downhill stretches over rocks, as well as places where ropes and equipment are necessary. The trail can be hard to recognize over the rocky slopes, and having an experienced guide, or at the very least someone who knows the path very well, is highly recommended.
  8. It is important to redouble your attention on rainy days, the steep slopes can become dangerous, and walking on wet terrain can make the trek much more demanding. For these reasons, when rain is forecast, consult the park’s employees at the park’s entrance.
  9. Under no circumstance whatsoever should you defecate or urinate near the water harvesting locations. Bury human waste along with toilet paper. It is recommended to bring along a small gardener’s shovel. Never bury baby wipes, they contain synthetic elements whose decomposition takes many years.
  10. If you need to wash dishes, first scrape any food residue that might be left and bag it along with your trash. Harvest water, and use it to wash your dishes away from the flowing water. Keep the flowing water clean, without residues.
  11. Don’t cut or make shortcuts, not only do they confuse others following the trail, they also provoke erosion.
  12. Many people go to the mountains looking for peace and quiet, respect this. Don’t be noisy, especially at night in the camping grounds.
  13. Take all trash back with you, including candy wrappers and cigarette butts. If possible, help remove any trash you happen to find on the trail.
  14. If you happen to find someone disrespecting the mountain or other visitors, approach them calmly and talk to them, in this way trying to gain an ally and not make an enemy.
  15. If you happen to run into a wild animal, respect it. Don’t offer wild animals food, and don’t eat in front of them. Avoid contact so that diseases don’t pass from humans to wildlife or from the wildlife to humans.

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